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What is a HMO?


A house in multiple occupation (HMO) is a property rented out by at least 3 people who are not from one household (e.g. a family). Tenants share facilities like the bathroom and kitchen. It can also be called a ‘house share’. In order to rent out a property as a house in multiple occupation in England or Wales you must contact your council to check if you need a licence. 


A large HMO is rented to 5 or more people who form more than 1 household, with some or all tenants sharing toilet, bathroom or kitchen facilities, and at least 1 tenant paying rent (or their employer pays it for them). Even if your property is smaller and rented to fewer people, you may still need a licence depending on the area, it is advisable to check with your council. You need a separate licence for each HMO you run.


Landlord Responsibilities for HMOs


As with all lets, you’ll need to ensure that all gas appliances are maintained, with a Gas Safe registered engineer carrying out a gas safety check each year.  All electrical installations and appliances you provide will need to be safe to use, while any furniture and furnishing you provide must meet the fire resistance regulations. Meanwhile, you will need an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) and test certificates for your electrical appliances.  You will need to provide a lock on each bedroom and it’s likely you’ll also need to install fire doors in certain places. Emergency lighting for fire safety is another adviseable installation that Magna-IM can help you with. 


 The safety requirements for HMOs are very extensive and are likely to differ depending on your local authority.It’s always best to check with them first to get a full list of safety requirements before embarking on your conversion plans. However there are some important factors that apply to every HMO in the UK such as fire, gas and electrical safety. Magna-IM can assist with annual gas safety checks, EICRs and smoke alarm tests to ensure landlord responsibilities are met. 


Government guidance can be found here



Converting properties into HMOs


Magna-IM are experienced in converting properties into HMOs in partnership with Homemaker Properties. Homemaker Properties work together with Property Investors to source properties, and tenants with Magna-IM carrying out the works. Together we have turned multiple properties into homes with individual rentable abodes through installing bathrooms, constructing walls and redecorating. See our refurbishments page for more information.